Ein Zuschauer der ARD-Show zeigt eine Geste, die auch der die OK-Handgeste sei ein Zeichen von der White-Supremacy-Bewegung. Das Handzeichen wird zunehmend von White-Supremacy-Anhängern genutzt. Die Geste wurde ursprünglich zum Scherz umgedeutet. Die Geste, die Police Commander Cory Palkas Gesinnung in Frage stellt, White Supremacy ist keine Erfindung der vergangenen Jahre.
White PowerGesten oder Handzeichen bedeuten nicht überall dasselbe. Auch Richard Spencer, ein White-Supremacy-Aktivist, posiert mit der Geste und. Das Handzeichen wird zunehmend von White-Supremacy-Anhängern genutzt. Die Geste wurde ursprünglich zum Scherz umgedeutet. Lesen Sie jetzt „Wirbel um angeblich rechtsextreme Geste bei "hart aber fair"“. Szene für die Buchstaben «w» und «p» - also «white power».
White Supremacy Geste Main navigation Bottom Header VideoTrump Sidesteps Condemning White Supremacy At Debate - NBC News Nazism promoted the idea of a superior Germanic people or Aryan race in Germany during the early 20th century. In the United States, the extreme right consists primarily of two large, slightly overlapping spheres. America First with Nicholas J. The Anti-Defamation League argues that white supremacists use the phrase because they believe it has fewer negative connotations than the term white supremacist. During this period the Ku Klux Klan became a well-known symbol of white supremacy, as have other major historical actors and events, like the Nazis and the Jewish Holocaust, the apartheid Bet At Home App Download of South Africa, and Neo-Nazi and white power groups today.
They revere Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany and sometimes try to adopt some Nazi principles to their own times and geographic locations, though many neo-Nazis primarily adopt the trappings, symbology and mythology of the Third Reich.
Racist skinheads are a variation of the skinhead subculture that arose in Great Britain the late s and early s and have come to compose one of the major segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States.
At the same time, they share many common elements of the skinhead subculture, such as head shaving, clothing, tattoos and symbols, rituals, and music.
Traditional white supremacists are one of the major segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States, as well as the oldest.
The term is used to refer to a variety of groups and individuals whose white supremacy centers around or originated from the struggle to deny equal rights to African-Americans.
Ku Klux Klan groups are the most common type of traditional white supremacist, but the movement also includes other groups, such as the Council of Conservative Citizens, the League of the South, and others.
White nationalism is a term that originated among white supremacists as a euphemism for white supremacy. Eventually, some white supremacists tried to distinguish it further by using it to refer to a form of white supremacy that emphasizes defining a country or region by white racial identity and which seeks to promote the interests of whites exclusively, typically at the expense of people of other backgrounds.
It is a commonly shouted at white supremacist events as a racist rallying cry. White supremacists often use the slogan, or variations thereof, to deny any racism on their part, claiming that they are merely exhibiting "white pride.
White separatism is a form of white supremacy that emphasizes the idea that white people should exist separately from all inferior, non-white races, whether by establishing an all-white community somewhere or removing non-whites from their midst.
White supremacy is a term used to characterize various belief systems central to which are one or more of the following key tenets: 1 whites should have dominance over people of other backgrounds, especially where they may co- exist; 2 whites should live by themselves in a whites-only society; 3 white people have their own "culture" that is superior to other cultures; 4 white people are genetically superior to other people.
As a full-fledged ideology, white supremacy is far more encompassing than simple racism or bigotry. Nevertheless, Aryan Nations today is much smaller than its s equivalent.
Led by Jeff Schoep, the group mostly avoided the in-fighting that decimated some other neo-Nazi groups. The NSM reached a peak of activity in the mids, organizing a number of public events and rallies around the country, but its activities have tailed off somewhat more recently.
NSM depends upon a core group of leaders and activists to travel to NSM events organized in different places. The group also cooperates with Klan groups and other white supremacists from time to time, although many hardcore racist skinhead groups view the NSM with disdain.
Over the years, people associated with the NSM have been involved in a moderate amount of criminal activity, but generally on their own rather than at the behest of the group.
He continues to await trial. Other neo-Nazi groups are all much, much smaller, with membership in the dozens. They tend to be either small, isolated descendants of the American Nazi Party or short-lived new groups that form largely from splits and defections in other organizations and which tend to cannibalize similar groups for members until they too break apart.
Overall, then, the organized portion of the neo-Nazi movement has for some years been in relatively poor health.
Racist skinheads are one of the three main branches of the skinhead subculture, along with traditional skinheads and anti-racist skinheads the latter often called SHARPs, which stands for Skin Heads Against Racial Prejudice.
Skinheads first emerged as a British working-class subculture in the late s; racist skinheads materialized within the broader subculture by the late s, tarnishing the reputation of all skinheads.
By the s, racist skinhead scenes had appeared across Western Europe and North America. The movement as a whole is very loosely organized. These groups tend to be connected to violent criminal activity.
Two of the most important are the Hammerskins, one of the longest-lived racist skinhead gangs, with concentrations in various places across the United States, and the Vinlanders Social Club, which formed in the early s as a break-away Hammerskin faction and soon built up a significant track record of murder and assault.
Its main areas of activity have been Arizona and the Midwest. Most of these are relatively small and also typically short-lived, though a few can achieve both size and longevity.
The majority of racist skinheads, however, belong to no organized group or gang at all, but are unaffiliated or independent. There is a high association between racist skinheads and violence.
Since the s, racist skinheads have committed a number of murders in the United States. One typical example is that of Vinlanders Social Club members Aaron Schmidt and Travis Ricci, who encountered a multi-racial couple in Phoenix in In , Schmidt pleaded guilty to 2nd degree murder and other charges in connection with the incident; Ricci has yet to face trial.
An even more shocking example of racist skinhead violence is that of Wade Michael Page, a racist skinhead who played in several hate music bands and eventually became a fully-patched member of the Confederate Hammerskins.
In , Page attacked a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, going on a shooting rampage that left six people dead and four more injured.
Page shot and killed himself after being wounded by one of the arriving police officers. The racist skinhead movement enjoyed a spurt of the growth in the mids, aided in part by the simultaneously-declining neo-Nazi movement, but that growth leveled off in the s and the movement has been largely stagnant in recent years.
It also refers to the many unaffiliated individuals with the same constellation of beliefs. Today, the Klan is simply a type of hate group. There are actually between completely separate and independent Klan groups in the United States—the exact number may even vary month to month as small Klan groups form or fall apart—ranging from Klan groups that claim a presence in a number of states to tiny Klans focused on a single local area.
These groups have a presence mainly in the South. Klan groups have a presence in the South as well, but they are also active in the Midwest and, to a lesser extent, in the Mid-Atlantic States.
In New England and in the West, Klan groups tend to be weak, small, and short-lived. The large proportion of new Klan groups does not indicate growth in the Klan—far from it.
Klan groups have been in a long-term decline since the s, as they lost their battle against civil rights for African-Americans.
Occasionally, Klan groups may slow or even arrest that decline, such as during a surge of right-wing extremism, but then the decline will resume.
The result is a collection of Klan groups that have great difficult even maintaining themselves, which is why most such groups do not last very long before fragmenting or falling apart.
When new Klan groups do emerge, they tend to grow by swallowing or poaching the membership of a previous or weaker Klan group.
One of the clearest signs of Klan decline is the considerable decrease in public Klan rallies. Many Klan groups simply no longer have the membership necessary to hold public demonstrations or protests.
In the s, one could find without too much difficulty Klan rallies in which members participated. By the s, most Klan rallies had a couple of dozen attendees at most, though the number of rallies was still relatively high.
In the s, even the number of Klan rallies has greatly declined. In , 20 years later, there were only around 10 confirmed Klan rallies across the United States Klan groups have claimed a few additional events, but no confirmation can be found that they actually took place.
In lieu of such rallies, Klan groups have changed their tactics, seeking ways to generate publicity and attention that can be accomplished with a minimum of members.
The tactic chosen by two of the larger and more active Klan groups—the Traditionalist American Knights, headquartered in Missouri, and the Loyal White Knights, based in North Carolina—has been spreading Klan fliers in local neighborhoods.
Fliering is an effective tactic for these groups because it takes only a single Klan member or sympathizer to perform a distribution which will typically target from 20 to homes, or perhaps all the cars in a parking lot , but the fliers often generate considerable interest from local media, which is spread further via social media.
When Klan fliers are discovered, upset residents contact the media, whose subsequent news stories spread the news of the fliering far beyond the few neighborhood residents who received any hate literature.
It is this publicity that is the ultimate goal for these Klan groups. To help insure they get it, some flier distributors have taken to weighing down their Klan fliers with pieces of candy or small toys.
This tactic is intended to outrage parents and make them more likely to contact law enforcement or the media, the latter of which is typically the true target.
Media coverage often elicits the specter of a rising, increasingly powerful Klan. Since the beginning of , there have been more than different fliering incidents across the country, the vast majority carried out by the Traditional American Knights and the Loyal White Knights.
The two major non-Klan groups, the Council of Conservative Citizens and the League of South, have also suffered a loss of membership.
In the s, the Council was prominent enough to attract attention from mainstream conservative politicians. The appearances of Barr and Lott before the group prompted a scandal in when revealed.
Because of the scandal, GOP chair Jim Nicholson, calling the group racist, instructed all Republican candidates and public officials to sever ties with the Council.
Even then, not all politicians rushed to distance themselves from the group. Today, the Council does not even bother to list local chapters on its website—presumably because it has an embarrassingly small number to list.
Nevertheless, despite its small size, the Council of Conservative Citizens still has had the ability to spew hate and to influence would-be white supremacists, an effect demonstrated in June when the manifesto attributed to Dylann Storm Roof credited the Council as a major influence.
The League of the South, a racist neo-Confederate group that has called for secession, has also lost ground, though perhaps less so than the Council.
The League has reacted in part by becoming more radical and more openly racist. As the League has become more openly racist, its membership has also changed somewhat, attracting a larger proportion of younger members, some of whom have organized or participated in League of the South demonstrations and events.
For example, the League has organized around 25 demonstrations in the last three years, an increase from previous years.
Whereas in the s, in many parts of the country Klan groups were almost the only option for would-be white supremacists, today they are just one of many options—and are sometimes considered outdated or obsolete.
Meanwhile, the rise of white supremacist prison gangs in the South and Midwest has the potential to cut into the population base from which Klan groups derive their membership.
The long-term prospects are not very bright for the Klan and its like-minded extremists. Christian Identity is a religious sect whose roots extend back well into the 19th century.
By the midth century, some adherents of British Israelism began to adopt racist and anti-Semitic interpretations of scripture; these ideas evolved into what is now called Christian Identity.
As pioneers such as Wesley Swift spread these hateful beliefs, Christian Identity became firmly entrenched in the extreme right in the United States.
In fact, many of the major conspiracies and violent acts by right-wing extremists in the s, s, and s can be attributed in whole or in part to adherents of Christian Identity, including shooting sprees, bombings and bomb plots, and armed robberies.
Christian Identity mingled with neo-Nazis, through groups such as Aryan Nations; it appealed to many racist skinheads; and it took root in a number of Klan groups, some of which became exclusively Christian Identity in nature.
During the surge of right-wing extremism in the s, a number of Christian Identity leaders, including Richard Butler, Pete Peters and Mark Thomas, riled up their followers and stoked their anger.
As the right-wing passions of the s ebbed, however, so too did the fervor that had gripped the Christian Identity movement during that period. A number of once-prominent Identity leaders died in the s—among them Butler, Peters, Neumann Britton, and Earl Jones, while others became inactive through advanced age or imprisonment in the case of Thomas.
The result was that, in the s, many Christian Identity adherents retreated back into reclusiveness. The available evidence suggests that Christian Identity has been stagnant for some years, neither appreciably increasing nor decreasing in size.
Christian Identity adherents are spread so thinly around the country that actual, physical churches are relatively rare; the Internet has been a boon to Identity adherents, replacing earlier methods of disseminating Identity ideas, such as shortwave radio programs and cassette tape ministries.
But as the recent racist murder of nine Black people at Emanuel AME church has made clear, the hateful and violent breed of white supremacy is still very much a part of our present.
Yet, it is important to recognize that white supremacy today is a multifaceted system that manifests in myriad ways, many not overtly hateful nor violent—in fact often quite subtle and unseen.
This is the case today because U. White supremacy and the many forms of racism it employs is infused into our social structure, our institutions, our worldviews, beliefs, knowledge, and ways of interacting with each other.
It's even encoded into some of our holidays, like Columbus Day, which celebrates a racist perpetrator of genocide. The white supremacy of our society is evident in the fact that whites maintain a structural advantage over people of color in nearly every aspect of life.
White people maintain an educational advantage , an income advantage , a wealth advantage , and a political advantage. In , Winston Churchill told the Palestine Royal Commission : "I do not admit for instance, that a great wrong has been done to the Red Indians of America or the black people of Australia.
I do not admit that a wrong has been done to these people by the fact that a stronger race, a higher-grade race, a more worldly wise race to put it that way, has come in and taken their place.
A number of Southern African nations experienced severe racial tension and conflict during global decolonization , particularly as white Africans of European ancestry fought to protect their preferential social and political status.
Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under the Dutch Empire , and it continued when the British took over the Cape of Good Hope in Apartheid was introduced as an officially structured policy by the Afrikaner -dominated National Party after the general election of Apartheid's legislation divided inhabitants into four racial groups—"black", "white", "coloured", and "Indian", with coloured divided into several sub-classifications.
In Rhodesia a predominantly white government issued its own unilateral declaration of independence from the United Kingdom during an unsuccessful attempt to avoid immediate majority rule.
Nazism promoted the idea of a superior Germanic people or Aryan race in Germany during the early 20th century. Notions of white supremacy and Aryan racial superiority were combined in the 19th century, with white supremacists maintaining the belief that white people were members of an Aryan " master race " which was superior to other races, particularly the Jews , who were described as the "Semitic race", Slavs , and Gypsies , which they associated with "cultural sterility".
Gobineau's theories, which attracted a strong following in Germany, emphasized the existence of an irreconcilable polarity between Aryan or Germanic peoples and Jewish culture.
As the Nazi Party 's chief racial theorist, Alfred Rosenberg oversaw the construction of a human racial "ladder" that justified Hitler's racial and ethnic policies.
Rosenberg promoted the Nordic theory , which regarded Nordics as the "master race", superior to all others, including other Aryans Indo-Europeans.
In establishing a restrictive entry system for Germany in , Hitler wrote of his admiration for America's immigration laws: "The American Union categorically refuses the immigration of physically unhealthy elements, and simply excludes the immigration of certain races.
German praise for America's institutional racism, previously found in Hitler's Mein Kampf , was continuous throughout the early s, and Nazi lawyers were advocates of the use of American models.
The Nazis used the Mendelian inheritance theory to argue that social traits were innate, claiming that there was a racial nature associated with certain general traits such as inventiveness or criminal behavior.
According to the annual report of Germany's interior intelligence service, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution , at the time there were 26, right-wing extremists living in Germany, including neo-Nazis.
Neo-Nazi organisations embracing white supremacist ideology are present in many countries of the world. In , it was claimed that Russian neo-Nazis accounted for "half of the world's total".
Fifty-one people died from two consecutive terrorist attacks at Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by an Australian white supremacist carried out on 15 March On 27 August , the shooter was sentenced to life without parole.
The term white supremacy is used in some academic studies of racial power to denote a system of structural or societal racism which privileges white people over others, regardless of the presence or the absence of racial hatred.
White racial advantages occur at both a collective and an individual level ceteris paribus , i. Legal scholar Frances Lee Ansley explains this definition as follows:.
By "white supremacy" I do not mean to allude only to the self-conscious racism of white supremacist hate groups. I refer instead to a political, economic and cultural system in which whites overwhelmingly control power and material resources, conscious and unconscious ideas of white superiority and entitlement are widespread, and relations of white dominance and non-white subordination are daily reenacted across a broad array of institutions and social settings.
This and similar definitions have been adopted or proposed by Charles W. Mills ,  bell hooks ,  David Gillborn ,  Jessie Daniels,  and Neely Fuller Jr,  and they are widely used in critical race theory and intersectional feminism.
Some anti-racist educators, such as Betita Martinez and the Challenging White Supremacy workshop, also use the term in this way.
The term expresses historic continuities between a pre— civil rights movement era of open white supremacy and the current racial power structure of the United States.
It also expresses the visceral impact of structural racism through "provocative and brutal" language that characterizes racism as "nefarious, global, systemic, and constant".
The term's recent rise in popularity among leftist activists has been characterized by some as counterproductive. John McWhorter has described the use of "white supremacy" as straying from its commonly accepted meaning to encompass less extreme issues, thereby cheapening the term and potentially derailing productive discussion.
He claims that the term should be reserved for those who are trying to promote the idea that whites are inherently superior to blacks and not used to characterize less blatantly racist beliefs or actions.
Supporters of Nordicism consider the "Nordic peoples" to be a superior race. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer attributed cultural primacy to the white race:.
The highest civilization and culture, apart from the ancient Hindus and Egyptians , are found exclusively among the white races; and even with many dark peoples, the ruling caste or race is fairer in colour than the rest and has, therefore, evidently immigrated, for example, the Brahmans , the Incas , and the rulers of the South Sea Islands.
All this is due to the fact that necessity is the mother of invention because those tribes that emigrated early to the north, and there gradually became white, had to develop all their intellectual powers and invent and perfect all the arts in their struggle with need, want and misery, which in their many forms were brought about by the climate.
The eugenicist Madison Grant argued in his book, The Passing of the Great Race , that the Nordic race had been responsible for most of humanity's great achievements, and that admixture was "race suicide".
Many white supremacist groups are based on the concept of preserving genetic purity, and do not focus solely on discrimination based on skin color.
Nazi Germany promulgated white supremacy based on the belief that the Aryan race , or the Germans, were the master race.
It was combined with a eugenics programme that aimed for racial hygiene through compulsory sterilization of sick individuals and extermination of Untermenschen "subhumans" : Slavs , Jews and Romani , which eventually culminated in the Holocaust.
Christian Identity is another movement closely tied to white supremacy. Some white supremacists identify themselves as Odinists , although many Odinists reject white supremacy.
Some white supremacist groups, such as the South African Boeremag , conflate elements of Christianity and Odinism.
Creativity formerly known as "The World Church of the Creator" is atheistic and it denounces Christianity and other theistic religions. Matthew F. Hale , founder of the World Church of the Creator, has published articles stating that all races other than white are "mud races", which is what the group's religion teaches.
The white supremacist ideology has become associated with a racist faction of the skinhead subculture , despite the fact that when the skinhead culture first developed in the United Kingdom in the late s, it was heavily influenced by black fashions and music , especially Jamaican reggae and ska , and African American soul music.
White supremacist recruitment activities are primarily conducted at a grassroots level as well as on the Internet.
Widespread access to the Internet has led to a dramatic increase in white supremacist websites. White separatism is a political and social movement that seeks the separation of white people from people of other races and ethnicities , the establishment of a white ethnostate by removing non-whites from existing communities or by forming new communities elsewhere.
Most modern researchers do not view white separatism as distinct from white supremacist beliefs. The Anti-Defamation League defines white separatism as "a form of white supremacy";  the Southern Poverty Law Center defines both white nationalism and white separatism as "ideologies based on white supremacy.
Use of the term to self-identify has been criticized as a dishonest rhetorical ploy. The Anti-Defamation League argues that white supremacists use the phrase because they believe it has fewer negative connotations than the term white supremacist.
They argued the existence of "a distinction between the white supremacist's desire to dominate as in apartheid , slavery , or segregation and complete separation by race".
The Tuskegee Institute has estimated that 3, blacks were the victims of lynchings in the United States between and , with the peak occurring in the s at a time of economic stress in the South and increasing political suppression of blacks.
If 1, whites were also lynched during this period, blacks were disproportionally targeted, representing Wood, "lynching photographs constructed and perpetuated white supremacist ideology by creating permanent images of a controlled white citizenry juxtaposed to images of helpless and powerless black men.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 December Racist belief in the superiority of white people.
General forms. Related topics. Allophilia Anti-cultural, anti-national, and anti-ethnic terms Bias Christian privilege Civil liberties Cultural assimilation Dehumanization Diversity Ethnic penalty Eugenics Internalized oppression Intersectionality Male privilege Masculism Medical model of disability autism Multiculturalism Net bias Neurodiversity Oikophobia Oppression Police brutality Political correctness Polyculturalism Power distance Prejudice Prisoner abuse Racial bias in criminal news Racism by country Religious intolerance Second-generation gender bias Snobbery Social exclusion Social model of disability Social stigma Stereotype threat The talk White privilege.
Main category: White supremacy in the United States. See also: Racism in the United States. Main article: White supremacy in U. Further information: Apartheid and Baasskap.